Fauna: Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary is home to a large number of endangered and endemic species. It is home to 1,500 flowering species, 268 bird species 49 types of fish, 32 reptiles, 39 mammals, 16 amphibians, 61 orchids. Mammals include Indian guar, Lion-tailed Macaques, Nilgiri Tahr, Elephants, Tigers, Panthers, Wild boar, Sambar, Bonnet Macaques, Nilgiri Langurs, Sloth Bears, etc.

Amphibians for instance Ridged toad, Verrucose Frog, Beddome’s Leaping Frog, Reddish burrowing frog ; reptiles like King cobra, Travancore Wolf Snake, Cochin Cane Turtle, Travancore tortoise, etc.; birds such as Lesser Adjustant, Great Black Woodpecker, Oriental Darter, Veylon Frogmouth, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Peninsular Bay Owl and Great Pied Hornbill ; fishes for example Anguilla Bengalensis (Gray) (Maninjeel), Puntius Jerdoni (Day) (Chameen), Tor Tor (Ham – Buch) (Chenkuyil), Pristolepis Marginata (Jerdon) (Karipidi), Puntius Carnaticus (Jerdon) (Pachilavetti) and many others are found in the sanctuary.

You cannot simply miss the 124 species of butterflies like Graphium Sarpedon Teredon Felde, Papilio Polytes Thesus Cram. Ariadne Ariadne Indica Moore, Appias Libuthea Libuthea Fb, etc.

Flora: The flora is marked by natural and man-made vegetation. West coast tropical evergreen forests, southern moist mixed deciduous forest and Southern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forests are natural vegetation. Eucalyptus plantations and teak plantations are done by human beings.

Almost 653 kinds of herbs, 268 species of shrubs, 359 types of trees and 152 species of climbers are traced here. There are many rare and threatened species. Teak, Sandalwood, Rosewood and Neem are the popular trees. Kannimara Teak, one of the oldest living trees in the world forms the main attraction.


The sanctuary is marked by a wet tropical climate. Generally the temperature ranges from 15 °c to 32°c. You can travel there from the months between October and December. Try to avoid January (the coolest month) and March (the hottest month).